Made from FC-0208 iron-copper steel, the piston is compacted with three features on top and six on the bottom, using two upper and three lower punches plus a die shelf. The piston has a density of 6.9 g/cm³, a tensile strength of 565 MPa, a yield strength of 448 MPa, and a hardness of 80 HRB before steam oxide treatment. The part is an original design for PM, as its shape makes it impractical for traditional metal-cutting methods. It is pressed and sintered to net shape, requiring no secondary machining operations.
The process for this part ensures 100% material utilization, eliminating waste at each step.